An IQ is an ‘intelligence quotient’ ( A little division here to get a quotient!) based on testing your thinking ability as compared to others who took the test. Sometimes, an IQ is low because there is a ‘glitch’ in the reader’s ability to read that is not obvious.
The first clue is that a person is a terrific in a specific area such as music or drawing or sports, yet has a low IQ.
Poor reading skills – the ones that are not obvious – will impact the IQ.
One first grade student was ‘out-thinking’ the reading/writing process. Her parents had had her tested verbally, and she was identified as a genius. I wondered what was happening. Over time, I discovered that she was breaking down every word she heard into its syllables and thinking each syllable was a word. Hearing words incorrectly, it was hard for her to make her ‘syllable-thinking’ match with the words on a page!
Another time, three children who were two years behind in reading, had no understanding of the reading process. They couldn’t see the connection that the words on a page represented the thoughts in someone’s head. Once they experienced what words on a page represented, their reading ability took off.
A sixth grade reader hadn’t grasped that he had to interact creatively with the information as he read. He could decode and find the answers to the questions in a paragraph, but had never explored the implied meanings. Once he realized that he needed to think about what he was reading as he read, he successfully understood what he read.
Did IQs go up? Yes.
A low IQ may indicate that the reader has not grasped the hidden aspects of the reading process. With training in the hidden aspects of reading, the IQ changes.